Peru is one of the most bio diverse countries in the world. With this is mind it is not surprising that new species are discovered all the time. Most recently, three new species of orchid have been discovered near Machu Picchu. Peru is already known to be home to about 10% of the world’s orchid species so the new discovery will add to the list which already counts about 3,000 of the 30,000 known species.
The new species have been named Epidendrum Ochoa, Epidendrum Incahuamanii and Epidendrum Mormontoy (after their discoverers). The head of the Machu Picchu Biocultural Management Conservation program Gustavo Ochoa, Feliciano Incahuamani Atausinchi who is a guard and caretaker at Machu Picchu and Rolando Mormontoy, an Inca Trail guard and caretaker at the Decentralized Directorate of Culture of Cusco (DDCC).
One of the most diverse places in Peru and with around 3,000 species of orchids is Moyobamba. It is located in the north of the country. Other areas with a very diverse orchid populations are Piura and Tumbes on the northern coast; Huaraz and the Huascaran National Park in Ancash; of course the jungle areas of Manu and Tambopata; Huanuco in the central part of the country and also the Machu Picchu region of Cusco where this most recent discovery has been made.