Peru names Wapululos de Lampa Carnival a National Cultural Heritage
The Executive Power of Peru named the Wapululos de Lampa Carnival a National Cultural Heritage. This Carnival is celebrated every year in the province of Lampa in the Puno region, where the local population honors the renewal of life as well as the richness of crops and livestock.
The Lampa Carnival comprises two different celebrations. The Huchuy Carnival, also called Small Carnival, which is celebrated in January and the Hatun Carnival, the Big Carnival that takes place for one week in February or March.
Originally, Carnival is a Roman celebration remembering fertility. It has a religious background. Carnival was a celebration that represented the change from winter to spring and the beginning of the agricultural cycle.
After the evangelization the Latin American countries by the Spanish Empire, Carnival was introduced in Peru too. It takes place during the rainy season when crops mature. In this sense, Carnival is still a celebration of fertility.
The Wapululos is a type of music and also a typical dance from the Lampa district. It is not just part of the Carnival celebration; there also exist contests of the Wapululos dance.