The Nazca lines are ancient geoglyphs in the Nazca Desert in Peru’s Southern Ica region. They exist of hundreds of individual designs, varying in complexity between simple lines and stylized figures, such as hummingbirds, spiders and monkeys. In total all the lines cover a surface of approximately 280 square miles and some of the shapes reach a size of over 200 meters (the largest figure is a pelican of 285 meter).
There exist different interpretations about the purpose of the figures but in general they believe they had or a religious significance or that they were used for astronomical rituals.
There are as well differences of opinion concerning the period they have been scratched into the ground. Some believe the lines were formed by the Nazca Culture between 400 and 650AD, others support the idea that they are part of the Paracas Culture which flourished between 800and 100BC and some others assume they were created over a thousand years between 500BC and 500AD.
Because of their size, quality and continuity they are among archaeologists’ greatest mysteries and, since 1994, they are a UNESCO World Heritage.
And, thanks to high winds and sandstorms, a pilot and researcher, named Eduardo Herrán Gómez de la Torre, spotted recently previous unknown geolyphs while flying over the Nazca Desert.
According to him, one of the shapes projects a, 60- meter long and 4- meter wide, snake. Furthermore he discovered, among other things, a bird and a zig zag line.