The international scientific community accepted 150 new species in 2015. This makes Peru one of the 17 most mega-diverse countries in the world. Among the new species are 71 plants, 33 species of fauna, six types of fish in fresh water, insects and various others.
Therefore, Peru is one of the mega-diverse countries which have an ecological richness of more than 70% than the rest of the world. One of the new findings is the “Mono tití marrón” or the brown marmoset. A small monkey species was discovered in the forests of Urubamba, Cusco but also existed in Brazil and Bolivia.
Peru promised to protect species, pledged in 2009 to international organizations, and to conserve 54 million hectares of forests until 2021 – Out of 74.2 million hectares that absorb carbon from the environment, one of the main causes of global warming.